What Is News?


News is a form of media that informs and updates readers on current events. It can be delivered by a number of means, including radio, television, newspapers, magazines and online. News articles should be written objectively and without bias. They should include the latest developments in the story, and cite any relevant sources that support the author’s statement or opinion.

News often takes place in real time and should be reported on as soon as possible. The most important news stories receive top billing on the front page of a newspaper, while lesser events are published in a less prominent position or in another section of the paper.

A good news article should include all of the important details about a topic, such as where and when it took place, who was involved, and why it is significant. It should also contain a concise headline that grabs reader attention and clearly states the news item’s main point.

When it comes to crime, any type of offense can make news, but more serious or unusual crimes are usually given greater prominence. Stories about money can also be newsworthy, such as a large sum of money being lost or won, or how much people are spending on a particular product. However, the amount of money must be sufficiently high or significant to merit coverage.

Other news items that may be of interest to the public are environmental issues, cultural or political developments and social trends. Examples of environmental issues include a pest infestation that threatens a crop or an oil spill in the ocean. A political event, such as a coup or a revolution, can be newsworthy as well.

News articles can be found in a variety of formats, from broadsheet to tabloid newspapers and from daily to monthly publications. The news industry has been expanding rapidly with the rise of the internet and a number of new outlets, such as local news aggregators, have emerged.

Several models have been proposed to explain how news is selected and what influences the content of the media. One such model, put forth by Galtung and Ruge, argues that news is a function of five factors:

Although this model has been challenged in the past, it remains the most widely accepted explanation of what constitutes news. Research into how news is chosen and filtered for publication, and its impact on the public, is continuing. It is hoped that future work will be able to improve upon and update Galtung and Ruge’s model. This will enable researchers to better understand how and why certain types of news are selected for publication and what effect this has on the public. It will also help identify factors that might influence the selection of news for publication and which might be unable to be fully explained by the model currently in use. This information could in turn be used to improve the quality of journalism and enhance the democratic process.